Galvanizing is a process of applying a zinc coating to iron or steel. This provides a protective coat to prevent rusting.

One of the most common galvanizing methods is called hot-dip galvanizing, this is when the steel is submerged in a hot bath of molten zinc. This could reach temperatures of 450 degrees Celsius., it will normally take no more than five minutes for each piece of steel.

The zinc protective coating will prevent rusting and corrosion. When zinc corrodes it is a very slow process giving the metal beneath an extended life, something called catholic protection occurs.

There is also another type of galvanizing called electroplate galvanized. Zinc plating or electroplating applies a very thin layer of zinc using an electrical current.

Galvanizing is better than simply painting over steel because with galvanizing you will get the zinc to bond to the steel, whereas painting over it will just be a coating.

When steel is galvanized it should in theory not weaken the steel because it does not affect the mechanical properties of the grade of steel.

Galvanizing should last for about 50 years in most usual, rural environments. It can in fact last over double that if the environmental impact is kept to a minimum.

Galvanizing costs haven’t really changed over the years whereas painting materials have gone up so although people perceive galvanizing to be expensive, it really isn’t.

If the galvanizing process has not produced a thick enough coating it can be coated with a lick of paint at a later stage.

Once the steel is galvanized it can increase that pieces weight by up to 15 % depending on many factors, obviously the size and shape of the steel, chemistry surface conditions, steel thickness and the galvanizing temperature.

Galvanized Steel Shutter

Alloy Steel Purposes

Alloy Steel is a combination of carbon steels and several other alloying elements such as chromium, aluminium, titanium and nickel. The alloying element which is included is around 5% of its composition. There are 57 types of alloy steel on the market today with the majority of Alloy being made by mixing metals into a mould and forming them at 3,000 degrees Fahrenheit for around 8 to 12 hours. Once bonding has taken place between the base elements this can then be cooled in the air for four hours.

alloy steel bridge

Alloy Steel is commonly used for the building of large structures such as bridges, stadiums and bridges due to its strength and resistance to corrosion, it poses a tougher than normal steel that will last for years to follow. Bridges, for example, are extremely fast to produce whilst being part of modern-day infrastructure suitable to carry road traffic that can flex without fracturing and survive even the harshest conditions.

Another large sector where Alloy Steel is widely used is within the production of pipework.

P1 Salloy steel pipeseamless Alloy Steel pipes are produced for the use of the Oil and Gas pipeline transport system. There are currently more than 2,175,000 miles of pipelines around the world transporting liquids and gases to the required market area for consumption.

P9 Alloy Steel Pipes are used within the plumbing sector, these seamless pipes are excellent at handling high temperature and distributing water without corrosion. Lastly, ASTM A213 Alloy Steel pipework is generally used around the home for heating elements. This type of Alloy Steel meets the requirements needed for hot forming. The heat exchanger tubes can resist high temperatures whilst distributing an even heat element into the home.

One benefit of using Alloy Steel and a major factor to why it is the preferred method of steel today is that it can be recycled. Alloy Steel is 100% recyclable and can be recycled over and over again without losing any of its properties, making it an ideal environmental performer whilst keeping its strength and durability. Predictions are that Alloy Steel will remain in use for many decades.

Solicitors in Worcester


Are you searching for solicitors in Worcester? There are many to choose from, first, we would recommend you go by a family member or friends’ recommendation. If a friend or family member has recommended somewhere it usually means that they were very happy with the service, they received so are happy to recommend that someone close to them should use them also.

When trying to find solicitors in Worcester you should look for good communication skills, Good judgement, researching skills and excellent people skills. Solicitors will work on your behalf and give legal advice; they can specialise in specific areas such as family law or employment law.

A good solicitor should be able to think logically, solve complex problems on your behalf and have a keen eye for detail, you should trust in them that they will be able to fight your corner.

There are many solicitors in Worcester that you could choose, depending on which area of expertise you are looking for, but a solicitor is a qualified legal practitioner that could represent you in a variety of areas of law, examples of this are: Buying and selling residential and commercial properties, dealing with company merges, advising on construction projects.

If you want to search for “solicitors in Worcester” we would advise you use a search engine and read the reviews and do your own research to find a good, honest solicitor.

A solicitor should be confident in their speaking and knowledge, and able to put up a good argument to help you win your case.

Solicitors in Worcester


A Simple Trademark Application Guide (2020)

A Guide To Help Your Trademark Application

Submitting a trademark application can be a very difficult and complex process if you are a start-up business or this is the first instance that you are applying for a trademark. This is because the application process includes several different processing stages meaning your trademark could take up to 6 months to be granted and fully accepted. In this blog we will be talking you through each stage of the trademark application process, things to look out for and how to correctly submit and register your trademark. However, there are a few actions you should administer before registering your trademark including a preliminary trademark search.

Application Form

Preparing Your Application with a Trademark Search

The initial step everyone should take before filing a trademark application is a detailed search of existing trademarks. This process searches all databases looking for wordmarks or trademarks that are like that of your own across the world. This is a vital stage in your trademark application because if the word or phrase you are looking to register is too alike an existing trademark this process could end up being a costly affair resulting in your trademark application being rejected.

6 Steps in The Trademark Application Process

  1. File the Trademark Application

The first stage of the application process requires all the related information about your trademark including:

  1. Official Search and Examination

At this stage, your trademark application is thoroughly examined. This includes an investigation into the trademark to show and outline registered marks that are similar or close to the one you are currently looking at registering. It will also be examined to see if it includes a specially protected emblem such as the royal arms.

  1. Approval and Publication

Once you have completed the search and examination stage and your application has been cleared the next step is for your application to be published in the online trademark journal.

  1. Opposition Period

Next is the two month opposition period. This period allows any third parties to file an opposition if they feel that your trademark is in breach of infringement. A third party company can file an opposition if they believe that there your trademark meets one of the listed grounds of opposition.

  1. Certificate of Registration Issued by UK IPO

After publication and opposition period you will be issued with a certificate of registration by the UK IPO. Now your trademark application is registered you may use the ® symbol indicating that this trademark is registered.

  1. Foreign Filing

Finally, and official filing receipt will be issued to the applicant confirming the filing date, the approval of the trademark, the goods/services applied for and an allocated registration number and your trademark application is complete.

The Use of a Sheen Meter in Industrial Product Manufacturing

The Uses For A Sheen Meter

A sheen meter or sometimes referred to as a gloss meter is an electronic device used to determine the specular reflective characteristics of a surface. The devices work by shining light on a surfacesheen-gloss-meter at a preset angle, normally 75, 60 and 20 degrees. The light is usually shone at a constant intensity hence obtaining constant data at the opposite direction. This data is then employed in standardizations procedures in different industrial products.

Consistency Of Gloss Levels

The sheen meter or gloss meter has been a useful tool for manufacturers to determine the level of consistency in their product; thanks to this genius way of quantifying gloss levels. Without the device, it would be difficult for companies to ensure perfect control on some productions. Companies like automotive, ceramic polishing companies and paintings, use the device to ensure they produce what the customer wants. That is, a product that is appealing and inviting.

How It Takes Data

By a simple press of the button, the device commences shining light on the material and gives an output of full statistical data. Technology on the device has advanced and now there are different designs to measure small, large and curved surfaces. From the data, the manufacturers can employ corrective measures to remove nonconforming surfaces. When the light is shone on the surface, it is expected that the statistics collected will range within accepted average figures to ensure consistency. Depending on the material of the surface that needs to be measured, different geometrics of the sheen meter exist. Metals, non-metals such as ceramics, paint and paper, all have internationally specified measurement geometrics. These materials produce different reflectance hence the light and angle of illumination is varied for different materials. For example, an increase of angle and amount of illumination causes a similar increase of reflectance in nonmetals. It is a little different for metals for they are not as much dependent on angle of illumination. The device produces statistical data after comparing the obtained data to standard gloss units obtained from a standard black glass.